Molto sensibile alla protezione degli animali, Rukmini fondò nel 1960 l'Animal Welfare Board of India, di cui rimase dirigente fino alla morte, e contribuì fortemente alla legge indiana denominata "Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act" (Decreto per la Prevenzione della Crudeltà sugli Animali, 1960). Nilakanta Sastri and his wife Seshammal, Arundale was reared in an upper-class Brahman family in Adyar, a suburb of Madras. He was an active member of the Theosophical Society. Also during her travels, Arundale became enamoured with classical dance. Mrs. Rukmini Devi Arundale was the Vice President of IVU for the 31 years from the World Congress in Paris, until her death in 1955. Nell'ambito della Società Teosofica, Rukmini incontrò il dottor George Arundale, un celebre pedagogo australiano che aveva in essa un ruolo di primo piano, e lo sposò nel 1920 (lei aveva 16 anni e lui 40). Rukmini Devi Arundale — Rukmini Devi… Rukmini apportò una serie d'innovazioni al bharatanatyam, svincolandolo dal suo legame stretto con le funzioni religiose, purificandolo dagli elementi erotici e volgari, e nobilitandolo come attività degna di tutti. Omissions? She also introduced aesthetically designed costumes, jewelry, and stage scenarios. She was born on 29th February 1904 in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, into a Tamil Brahmin family with seven siblings. The interplay of elements of stagecraft, lighting, costumes, music, and choreography, moreover, transformed the devotional experience into an art form that could be appreciated on a global platform. In recognition of her services to Indian culture, Arundale received the Padma Bhushan, one of India’s highest civilian honours, in 1956. About Rukmini Devi Arundale Rukmini Devi Neelakanda Sastri (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam, and an activist for animal rights and welfare. Con il marito, Rukmini cominciò a viaggiare per il mondo, mentre nel frattempo assumeva ruoli sempre più importanti nel ramo giovanile della Società Teosofica. To add contemporary sophistication to the productions, she adopted a dance-drama format. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. George Arundale morì nel 1945, due anni prima che l'India ottenesse l'indipendenza. The Birth of Bharatanatyam and the Sanskritized Body —Uttara Asha Coarlawala 173 21. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Rukmini Devi’s 112th Birthday Dancer and choreographer Rukmini Devi was born in India in 1904. Arundale was also in-charge of the organization’s paper, “New India”. "Here comes the headmaster"said Dr. Arundale and there ended their search. Arundale was greatly influenced as a young woman not only by her father but also by Annie Besant, the Theosophical Society’s British cofounder and president (1907–33), as well as by British educator and theosophist George Arundale, whom she married in 1920. Rukmini Devi first met Dr George Arundale, in 1917. She also received the Sangeet Natak Akademi (India’s national academy of music, arts, and dance) Award in 1957, and in 1993 the Indian parliament declared her foundation an institution of national importance. Building on the efforts of T. Balasaraswati and other dancers from the devadasi community who had similarly striven to bring bharata natyam from the temple grounds into the public sphere, Arundale took steps to broaden the dance’s appeal as she developed the Kalakshetra curriculum. Date of death: 24. February 1986. Fascinated by Rukmini Devi's love for the mankind and humanity, Dr Arundale, in 1920, married her with the approval and support of … Kalakshetra’s institutionalization of the dance form also helped ensure its transmission to future generations. The versatile lady may have chosen not to be president of India, however, she will be remembered for all that she chose to do, and with such elan. One day, as they were sitting in the verandah of their house, Sankara Menon then still a College Student, walked in. He was an active member of the Theosophical Society. After a lifetime spent working for the revival of traditional Indian art forms, Rukmini Devi Arundale passed away on February 24, 1986, at the ripe old age of 82. Nel 1928, la famosa ballerina russa Anna Pavlova diede uno spettacolo a Bombay e in quest'occasione Rukmini e il marito ebbero occasione d'incontrarla. Her father was closely associated with the Theosophical Society, a monistic (emphasizing unity in the diversity of all phenomena) spiritual organization headquartered in Madras though founded in New York City. L'opposizione della casta bramina fu tale, che il matrimonio venne celebrato a Bombay (oggi Mumbai) anziché a Madras. Quest'ultima attraversava in India da secoli una fase di decadenza. Rukmini Devi Arundale, (born February 29, 1904, Madura, Madras Presidency, British India [now Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India]—died February 24, 1986, Chennai, Tamil Nadu), Indian classical dancer and follower of theosophy, best known for catalyzing the renaissance of the bharata natyam dance form and founding the Kalakshetra Foundation in Madras (now Chennai). Arundale was also in-charge of the organization’s paper, “New India”. Rukmini Devi Arundale (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam, and also an activist for animal rights and welfare.She is considered the most important revivalist in the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam from its original 'sadhir' style, prevalent amongst the temple dancers, Devadasis. He was an active member of the Theosophical Society. The foundation aimed to preserve and popularize bharata natyam and other Indian traditions as well as to spread the ideals of theosophy. Rukmini Devi Arundale was an Indian classical dancer who led the renaissance of the ‘Bharatnatyam’ dance form and founded the Kalakshetra Foundation in Madras (now Chennai). Updates? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rukmini-Devi-Arundale, IndiaNetzone - Indian Personalities - Biography of Rukmini Devi Arundale, Cultural India - Dances of India - Biography of Rukmini Devi Arundale. Anna Pavlova chiese a una delle sue ballerine più brave, Cleo Nordi, d'insegnare danza a Rukmini, e più tardi la incoraggiò, piuttosto che a perfezionarsi nel balletto classico, a riscoprire la danza tradizionale indiana. Nel dicembre 1935, a trentuno anni, diede il suo primo spettacolo in occasione del giubileo della Società Teosofica, davanti a 2000 persone. Februar 1986 in Indien) war eine indische Tänzerin, Politikerin und Theosophin … Deutsch Wikipedia. Arundale formally trained under Pandanallur Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai, a respected nattuvanar (male bharata natyam director), and gave her first public performance, at the Theosophical Society, in 1935. In 1951, a sapling of the Rukmini Devi Arundale (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam, and an activist for animal rights and welfare.. She also is the first ever woman in Indian History to be nominated as the Rajya Sabha member. Pavlova also advised Arundale to seek inspiration in traditional Indian arts. Quick Facts Also Listed In : Animal Rights Activists, Classical Dancers Famous as : Bharatnatyam Dancer... Quick Facts. Rukmini Devi first met Dr George Arundale, in 1917. Rukmini Devi Arundale. Rukmini Devi Arundale — (* 29. George Sydney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.He was the husband of the celebrated Indian dancer Rukmini Devi Arundale Arundale went on to become the President of the Theosophical Society after Dr. Besant’s passing and Rukmini Devi herself was an active member of the Theosophical movement). Rukmini Devi Arundale - Google doodle pays tribute to Rukmini Devi Arundale Unknown. The foundation aimed to preserve and popularize bharata natyam and other Indian Rukmini Devi Arundale, Indian classical dancer and follower of theosophy, best known for catalyzing the renaissance of the bharata natyam dance form and founding the Kalakshetra Foundation in Madras (now Chennai). Corrections? Together, the high school, the senior secondary school, and the arts academy became the Kalakshetra Foundation. ... elite woman privileged to travel the world when she was barely 25 years of age and empowered to work for global causes in Europe, Australia, England and America. Rukmini Devi and Sanskritization : A New Performance Perspective Template:Infobox actor Rukmini Devi Arundale (Tamil:ருக்மிணி தேவி அருண்டேல்) (February 29, 1904 – February 24, 1986 ) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer in Indian classical dancer form of Bharatnatyam, and also an activist for … 14:21:00 india, world. Nel 1952 Rukmini Devi fu nominata membro della Rajya Sabha, approssimativamente equivalente al senato italiano. Arundale took Pavlova’s advice to heart and subsequently embarked on a campaign to study and promote bharata natyam, a type of South Indian classical dance that was traditionally performed in Hindu temples. Rukmini Devi (Madurai, 29 febbraio 1904 – Chennai, 24 febbraio 1986) è stata una danzatrice indiana, fu un'importantissima figura nella storia della danza tradizionale indiana ed ebbe anche un ruolo politico e culturale. Februar 1904 in Madurai, Indien; † 24. In April 1920, Arundale married 16-year-old Rukmini Devi, daughter of Pandit Nilakanta Sastri (marriage was held in Bombay, to avoid heated scenes in Madras). Nilakanta Shastri, andando in pensione, trasferì la residenza della sua famiglia nei sobborghi meridionali di Madras (oggi Chennai), non lontano dalla sede della Società Teosofica. She was also a theosophist who was greatly inspired by Annie Besant, the … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Arundale traveled extensively with her husband and Besant on various theosophical missions, all the while absorbing the ideology of the society. 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