Second, the Old Testament portrays God as king over Israel in a special way. He would require a “tenth” (or “tithe”) of their goods, thus setting himself up as equal to God (1 Samuel 8:15, 17). Why Was Israel’s Request for a King Sinful? Ps 72). The Davidic Covenant 4. What the king should Because He wanted to remove the temptation to be fickle, unfaithful, and compromising from her. pursue: "The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of And that is what we see in the history of Israel’s monarchy, as Israel’s kings were out for themselves. This promise of future kings is repeated to What the king, "When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to Instead of turning to the Lord, Israel traded Yahweh for an earthly king out of fear of the serpent. HISTORY OF THE ISRAELITE KINGDOMS This is most clear in 1 Samuel 8:20, where Israel says they will be like the nations in that their king may “judge” them and “fight” their battles. 52, no. rescued (2 Kings 19). many kings proclaim themselves to be gods and a law unto themselves, a This kind of king 1. the sovereignty of God 2. the monarchy 3. to consider the entire biblical witness on the subject. Sacred kingship, religious and political concept by which a ruler is seen as an incarnation, manifestation, mediator, or agent of the sacred or holy (the transcendent or supernatural realm). The story of his victory and the subsequent refusal to accept the kingship of Israel in violation of God's commandment is the climax of the Book of Judges. I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. Case for Kingship in Deuteronomy and Former Prophets", "The kings, culminating in the coming of the Messiah, and that these kings would constitute Did God Intend for Israel to Have a King? Trinity Journal, vol. "He was king over Jeshurun when the leaders of His reign is righteous, and we who trust in Him will enter into His eternal kingdom. The failure of the Exodus generation to enter God's rest, i.e., to live freely under the rule of law with God as their king, is brought up time and time again as a negative example to avoid throughout the Old Testament (Psalm 78; 95; 106). For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth palaces, and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities. Gideon was of the tribe of Menasseh. Yet this was not good enough for the people of Israel. And “the hand of Yahweh was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel” (1 Samuel 7:13). The elders of Israel came to Samuel at his home in Ramah and said, “Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. eventually did exercise this option about 350 years later, and Saul from the The emphasis in 1 Samuel 8 is on Israel’s desire to be like the other nations. Kingship in Israel and other ancient Near Eastern societies is a major focus of modern scholarship and has produced fascinating results. Israel’s request for a king displeased Samuel (literally, it was “evil in the eyes of Samuel”), and he prayed to Yahweh (1 Samuel 8:6). the LORD has told you, `You are not to go back that way again.' The promises and predictions suggest that Israel would have a series of human Theological Journal, vol. 1The case for this So kingship was not a bad thing, and it was expected that God would give Israel a king in due time. (iii) The people's demand challenged the kingship of God over Israel. Such. But this raises a question—why was Israel’s request for a king sinful? subject to any higher law. The A number of governmental structures are possible, but what is most (vi) When the Israelites would cry to God, He would not listen to them. In many ways, the monarchy was a judgment upon Israel. 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