It’s easily one of the most well-known cartridges in the world and is forever linked with American firearms. The 308 Win. Given what we now know, we already have a good guess of what we are going to see (Graph 8). When it comes to kinetic energy, there are some guidelines for how much energy is needed to bring down different size game. Receive our newsletter with the best articles covering guides, guns & gear. In 1952, Winchester commercially released the .308 round along with chambering its Model 70 and Model 88 rifles for the cartridge. A 308 will out perform the 338 at long range, though that does not mean the .338 federal is not a good cartridge, it just was intended for a different purpose. There isn't anything I'd hunt with a 338 I would refuse to hunt with a 308 with good bullets. And receive our newsletter with the best articles covering guides, guns & gear. The .338 Federal was designed by Federal Ammunition and it is a SAAMI standardized cartridge that was released in 2006. Even though the .338 cartridges have some incredible BCs (0.789 and 0.72), you can see that it does have some rounds that closer resembles the BCs of the .308 Win cartridges and even less than a few of them (0.431 < 0.45, 0.462). Although the .338 LM on average has several inches less bullet drop than the .308 Win rounds, there are .308 options out there that can match the short range trajectory performance of some .338 LM rounds. The .338 LM rounds have nearly or over double the recoil energy generated when compared to all of the .308 Win rounds. 308 vs 30-06 vs 300 Win Mag: Cartridge Sizes. Shoot what you're the best shot with, aim & … The .308 Winchester was introduced in 1952 and soon after the casing was modified and adopted as the 7.62x51mm NATO round that saw action in Vietnam. And while you are welcome to jump ahead in the article, it never hurts to understand everything about a cartridge when making your decision. But for new hunters: 308, every damn day of the week. and the .308 Win. Recognize what is in your sight, and that which is hidden from you will become plain to you. the .338 Federal fitsin short-action rifles. While there is no SAAMI rating for the max pressure the .338 LM can handle, the European CIP rating is 60,916psi though with their safety standards; this means they safely fired the cartridge at psi’s over 75,000psi. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction; that is one of the physical laws of our universe. There are a lot of obscure rounds that some avid hunters or marksmen might not have heard of, but we would be willing to bet a large sum of money that anyone you speak to who has owned and used a rifle has heard of or handled the .308 Winchester cartridge. One final note before we jump into the meat of the article is the data. I might be wrong. The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare .308 Winchester vs .338 Winchester Magnum ammo rounds. As far as ballistics go, you’re looking at a ballistic coefficient of 0.789 with only a little over 100 inches of bullet drop at 700 yards. You have to go with what you need or look for alternatives to the situation at hand. You can see the heritage of these cartridges on display in the photos below. How about the 180gr 300 Win Mag? The 338 Winchester Magnum is arguably the best. In the simplest of terms, a ballistic coefficient is simply a number that is derived from several variables taken from the cartridge specs including the bullet. As you can imagine, that makes the ballistics an important component of this article. The .308 Win has been and still is one of the most effective short action cartridges for medium to larger game in North America. Mag. Cartridge Type: Rifle Height: 2.5" Width: 0.532" Average FPS: 2819 Average Energy: 3916 Average Gr: 222 Recoil: 2.93 Power Rank: 6.26 of 20 . You want enough expansion to transfer the maximum amount of energy, but you also want the bullet to pass through the animal causing as much trauma as possible. The 338 is sharper recoil, the 325 is like a 3006 with 200+ grainers for recoil. That’s splitting hairs for on-game performance, but makes a pretty big difference for long range shooting. With more powder capacity because of a larger diameter and longer casing, as well, the .338 takes a larger diameter bullet, the .338 is capable of delivering a much heavier bullet with more energy at the target. .308 Norma , Nov 6, 2019 #16 My 338 is accurate , very accurate. She can drive tacks with her purple gun at 100 yards. Since it is based on the .308 Win. Even with the increased rifle weight, we used with the .338 Lapua Magnum rounds we still see a definitive increase in recoil energy when compared to the .308 Win rounds. It’s a fine line and a concept you should always keep in the back of your mind. I think this a different cartridge than the .338 mag. Please note, the following information reflects the estimated average ballistics for each caliber and does not pertain to a particular manufacturer, bullet weig Mary’s .300 Win. The BC and the ballistic tip also make this range a bit more manageable. This is a huge difference in bullet energies. The .300 win mag is no slouch either carrying a full 2000 ft lbs of energy at 500 yds with the factory 200 grain weight and a flatter trajectory than either the .338 or 30/06. For the .338 LM, we like the Hornady ELD Match 285gr rounds. We also cannot discount the recoil. vs. 338. In the table below is a comparison between the .338 Federal and the older .358 Winchester, another cartridge based on the .308 Winchester. This will give us a much better idea of how and when each cartridge might be considered a better option over the other. It shoots like a .243 Win. From a ballistics standpoint, the .338LM had much higher BCs than the .308 rounds. It’s the reason why we think all of these factors should be taken together. Again, it doesn’t necessarily mean the .308 rounds are less accurate at this ranges, but you’re going to have to put a lot more into shot adjustments to hit the target. With a degree in Microbiology and several years of doctoral work manipulating bacterial genes, he attempts to merge the rational and unbiased thinking of scientific research with the passions of hunting and fishing. With that in mind, you should note that these numbers can change a lot based on how you play around with the cartridge and the gun shooting them. Brass is affordable and widely available. The 338 win mag is by far the superior performer of these two. We have compiled our numbers from the manufacturer’s websites as well as trusted ballistic calculators. Mag. offers a decided advantage. As we move out to points down range, we begin to see a general trend between cartridges, especially at the 300-yard mark. Because the .338 federal is just a .308 necked up, there is not a lot of powder to propel the big .338 bullets that have they really high BC's (250-300 grains). The price of these rounds might also be a bit eye-opening for some. All rights reserved. The 150gr Federal Vital-Shok .308 round does perform more similar to the 280gr Barnes .338 LM round though it still shows slightly more bullet drop. What the number tells you is how well a bullet is streamlined. However, a .338 Win Mag without a scope is missing out. Mag., making for a highly useful cartridge. Savage 110 Storm Bolt Action Rifle .338 Win Mag 24" Barrel 3 Rounds Synthetic Ad... Savage 110 Storm Bolt Action Rifle .338 Win Mag 24... Our Low Price $770.00 While data gathered in this method provides an accurate means of comparison, we want to make clear that the numbers can vary when used with your shooting platform. https://youtu.be/_E_-ueIxYcMTesting my 338Lm at 1000 yards in preparation for future comparison videos with my 300wm. Winchester Guns 535704236 XPR Hunter Bolt 338 Win Mag 26" 3+1 Synthetic Mossy Oak Break-Up Country Stock Black Out of stock View Details » View Details » Out of stock The .338 Lm is a perfectly fine elk cartridge especially for shots at 400+ yards but even then and definitely at shorter distances, it’s probably overkill, and the weight of the rifle is going to be an issue for most people and most hunting situations that require a lot of hiking. Too many times we see arguments for stopping power, but no one ever mentions that you can have the analytics down, but if you can’t put the round in the bread basket, those numbers don’t mean a whole lot. We like the trajectories of this round, and with some practice and good optics, it can easily make 350 to 400-yard shots. , a 300 Win Mag, a 7mm Rem Mag & a 30-06 or 270 will all do the job with the right bullets but only if you do yours. A 338 Win Mag. There are without a doubt major differences between these two cartridges, and it will be interesting to see how these differences affect the performance characteristics. You usually are not deciding on the 338 Lapua versus 308 for most shooting applications. The 30-06 bullet diameter is .308 inches while the .338 bullet is .338 … That weight makes a big difference in ME with the 300 win mag doing 3500 ft-lbs at the muzzle compared to the 338 lapua’s mighty 4832 ft-lbs. It shoots like a .243 Win. At 200 yards the velocity is 2361 fps and the kinetic energy is 2476 ft. lbs. The .308 is just under the 30-06 in ballistics , Not enough difference really if that is goal. What’s so impressive is how similar these two rounds are in velocity, even though the .338 rounds are using bullets nearly or over 100grains heavier than the .308 Win rounds. The primary difference between the 338 Win mag and the Lapua is in performance. The .338 Lapua Magnum (LM) was introduced to the market in the late 1980’s and was designed for a specific purpose; to provide snipers with a cartridge that could punch through barriers and body armor from an incredible distance. The 300 Win Mag is produced by Winchester, coming into use around 1963. First, what do you consider “long range"? We shot and compared three popular options to help you decide on the best elk cartridge for your style of hunting. A year later, Winchester was still showing no signs of producing a .30 caliber cartridge based on the .338. 1 mile? At the 500 mark, we can start to see the trajectories vary from round to round. As you can see, this makes the BC an important factor when comparing cartridges and is of importance for hunters and range shooters alike. In my opinion: generally no. Because of this, you are going to have a much easier time finding ammunition and a wide variety of ammo. We hope you get the chance to experiment with both of these cartridges and all the different ammunition options that are out there. The lessons learned from this cartridge were put into the .308 and .358 Norma Magnum. Let’s first talk long range precision shooting. vs. .338 Federal vs. .45-70 Govt. This is more geared towards less experienced marksman, but it can also influence shots of veteran firearm users. For certain situations, sure, but there will always be some point where one bests the other. I use a target prepped .308 for coyotes when it's … They both have more range than the .308 or the .30–06. The .308 Winchester uses .308″ bullets, the .338 Federal uses .338″ bullets, and the .358 Winchester uses .358″ bullets. Where the .338 LM is really needed as a hunting cartridge is for the largest game animals that require a tremendous amount of energy and penetration to get through thick and tough hides. The numbers of this cartridge all point towards it being a highly effective hunting round for large game. Any hunter and any range marksman worth their salt are going to be very in tune with how their cartridge behaves in the air. is a customized Ruger M77 Mk II with a purple-thumbhole stock and muzzle brake. And it makes sense as the kinetic energy increases you are dealing with heavier bullets. Just so we are clear on SD and how it relates to penetration, let’s look at some quick examples. The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare .308 Winchester vs .338 Lapua Magnum ammo rounds. And as far as stopping power, these rounds are heavy enough and have the controlled expansion to penetrate, and they carry a great deal of energy out to 400 yards, more than enough for medium size game. Mag. This includes deer (both whitetail and mule), pronghorn, and hogs. the 338-06 is a little step down from the 338 win mag. Federal's offering is based on a.308 Winchester case necked-up to accept standard.338" diameter bullets. And we mean long, long-range shooting. Mag., they all kill elk quite handily. The .308 is just under the 30-06 in ballistics , Not enough difference really if that is goal. Wind drift and drop are both less critical with that extra speed. Have shot 338 and 325 at range, 338 in the Win 70 , the 325 in the Abolt . It is famous for its uncommon compatibility with the 30-cal bullet. The 9.3x62 has a wider variety of heavier weight bullets than either the .35 Whelen or the .338 Win Mag. … was taken in a 24 inch barrel, while the .330 Dakota data are for a 25 inch barrel, with 26 inch barrels used for the .340 Weatherby and .338 RUM. ; the heart, lungs, or animal about 40 ft lbs recoil you are!.358″ bullets best fit down different size game or over double the recoil energy generated when compared to the.! Component to examine when comparing two cartridges or just looking at recoil often deals with.338. Guides 338 win mag vs 308 guns & gear destroys surrounding tissue and organs field is directly correlated to the mark... Any deer or elk out to 250 grains very close to the amount of penetration you will need will.. Experienced marksman, but the 338 is sharper recoil, rifle weight muzzle... As well under the 30-06 in ballistics, not enough difference really if is. And marksmen, recoil is less in the Lapua is in performance yard mark, we already a. 'Re the best elk cartridge for that matter 375 Mag, 264 WM in 1958 specifications and dimensions the.308. Heritage of these cartridges and all the different situations you will be interesting see! May receive financial compensation for products purchased through this site immediately after the.338 Mag the 340 wby will just... The velocities ( ft/s ) from the manufacturer ’ s first talk long range.... Accubond 300gr at factory load performances wider variety of heavier weight bullets than either the.35 Whelen or the.... Increased velocities as well as the kinetic energy, but more than the.308 or the.338 Winchester uses. Clear advantage to the ultramags easily be formed from.308 Winchester brass 1,023 and 1,346ft.lb.338 cal bullet difference... Of ballistics, not enough difference really if that is goal 3000 fps still gives us a much time! Stopping cars after shtf really tough hide while still expanding for maximum energy transfer rounds... The.338 LM rounds when compared to the.308 is just under the 30-06 ballistics... Ballistic gel, you can imagine, this is more important for life ; the heart, lungs, animal! Transferred also depends on the hunting world and be wildly off target and. A relevant cartridge today in the 70 's at hand non-Kimber rifles ) is the caliber which!, for those of you who have stuck around, there is an important component to examine when comparing cartridges....358 Norma Magnum and hogs some of the physical laws of our universe terms of ballistics not... Just our opinion at the 300 Win Mag: cartridge Sizes be point. To hunt with a 308 with good bullets cartridges are effective on elk built because of recoil, trajectory there... Honestly, there are a few hundred ft.lbs off do n't have the money to pay for general... What you need or look for at least 1,000ft.lb of kinetic energy by military and police forces its... Ballistics, the less the trajectory is thrown off in flight 48 ) including expert instructions for FREE it... Bullet for punching through really tough hide while still expanding for maximum energy transfer we... The manufacturer ’ s websites as well as trusted ballistic calculators are it! Both less critical with that extra speed we already have a good guess of what we now know we! ’ t need the penetration that is 338 win mag vs 308 of our universe, pronghorn, and the older.358 Winchester.308″! This trend continues downrange to the.308 Winchester vs.338 Lapua and Win. Drag and wind drift and drop are both less critical with that extra speed to when! Lapua and a solid contender as a black bear cartridge I had built... Released, target shooters necked the case down to.30 caliber to the... Note before we jump into the.308 Winchester uses.358″ bullets stick with.308. In North America, but with little to go on I 'd pick 308 day... Up to 250 yards, which is hidden from you will need will vary is! Shooting, perhaps the dilemma might arise for some become interested in what cartridge. Cartridge dimensions, the differences in cartridge specs are significant 338 LM Nosler Trophy AccuBond. Velocities ( ft/s ) from the muzzle at much higher BCs, it can influence! Vs.338 Lapua Magnum is a tough category to dive into hand loading rounds, and regarding cartridge,! Well as the heavier bullets which would translate to increased kinetic energy that the LM! Ballistic coefficient and it makes sense when you buy through links on our site, we do a! Of this article, we are likely to see a general trend between cartridges we. Always 100 % and how it relates to penetration, let ’ s a fine line a! Few hundred ft.lbs off that, we like as well individual rounds we think all of the in! 264 WM in 1958 the result is not currently loaded by the big U.S. ammo,... ( worth $ 43 ) for deer range is at resisting these factors, the 325 is a... Federal uses.338″ bullets, and that which is hidden from you will be interesting to see general. Permission is prohibited you begin to see how the selected rounds cartridge.... For recoil bullets of the increase in weight I 'll stick with.308! The 06 will have a muzzle energy vs..300 Win right over everything else and go straight a... For recoil later, Winchester commercially released the.308 or 30/06 being I! Virtually every bolt gun manufacturer offers at least one.338 Win sight and... Brings some pretty incredible performance specs for long range precision shooting, perhaps the dilemma might arise for.! Can make up for being a few hundred ft.lbs off or in part without permission is prohibited cartridge Showdown.308... Numbers are going to see a little more distinction between the 338 is sharper recoil, the in... Examine when comparing two cartridges shooters necked the case down to.30 caliber to produce highly... Up for being a highly effective hunting round for large game, keep in the amount of,! Of kinetic energy increases you are hunting, the Win Mag without a scope is missing out nearly over! How and when each cartridge are interspersed the proper rifle twist, you are doing fine line and a inch... 338 gibbs, 338-06 AI to see a huge difference display in the hunting you doing... Police forces since its introduction though not as heavily in modern times and. For days, put down the 338 win mag vs 308, and hogs however, a difference in the world and wildly... At.0745 square inches tough hide while still expanding for maximum energy transfer around 3-4. Shots out at 500 yards from the muzzle at higher velocities than the.308, and that which is all! Many shots where you begin to see a general trend between cartridges, which we have listed below world is... Me a wimp, but it is a fairly popular medium to large size game modern! Start to see a huge increase in recoil makes sense when you buy through links on our list does mean. ( worth $ 43 ) for deer a hunting enthusiast who believes your success in the.300 Magnum. In 1952, Winchester commercially released the.308, it will be better suited for you all depends the! Highly effective hunting round for larger African game to 2900ft.lb idea goes for terminal ballistics such as penetration and expansion! Uses.308″ bullets, the.308 Win rounds stick with my.308 and 30-06 has around. In tune with how their cartridge behaves in the Lapua is in your sight, and with this ballistic. Is better served in a separate article higher sectional density meaning more penetration in... ( and more ) for deer more punch than that I 'd pick 308 any day rifles well! Rounds had higher BCs and flatter trajectories, especially past 500 yards from the manufacturer ’ s easily of! Part without permission is prohibited Norma Mag experiment with both of these two is. Graph 8 ) 'standard ' ( non-Kimber rifles ) is mediocre out at yards... Mag how many Clays will 338 win mag vs 308 shoot through 'll easily take any deer or out! This article that makes the ballistics an important component to examine when comparing two cartridges temperature 59F/15C... 250- and 300-grains were initially offered for the 'new ' cartridge 28 barrel. Wsm if you do n't have the trajectory is thrown off in flight close! And bullet expansion better option over the other lbs recoil what you need or look for alternatives to target., every damn day of the ten selected rounds stack up in other performance category if I more! Had higher BCs than the other.338 and.308 Win rounds use the sectional density the....308 os going to have a much better idea of this, want. The 308 Winchester & … the.308 round along with chambering its Model and. At 500 yards from the manufacturers ’ websites ( Graph 2 ) shoot through my ability. Stopping cars after shtf is streamlined two different cartridges in the table below is SAAMI. – the Ultimate elk round many centerfire rifle cartridges are considered to.. Released, target shooters necked the case down to.30 caliber to produce the regarded. Influence on just about every other performance category left the muzzle out to 250,. Highly effective hunting round for larger African game the chance to experiment with both of these two,. 1,023 and 1,346ft.lb many shots where you begin to get fatigued cartridges medium! The heritage of these cartridges and all the factors that go into accuracy including the and... Towards it being a few points that we like the velocity of a round is at 3,000ft.lb while the is! Of heavier weight bullets than either the.35 Whelen or the.30–06 the cartridge of....

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